How is President elected in India? (Election Process)
The President of India is appointed as the constitutional head. The role of a President in India is to protect the Constitutional democracy, preserve the rule of law with the constitutional supremacy. Now the country India has 14th President, named Ramnath Kovind. The President of India is elected by the votes of Electoral College. The Electoral College consists of members of parliament from both houses, the elected members of Vidhan Sabha or the State Legislative Assemblies, and the MLAs of two union territories that is Delhi and Puducherry. The President election is an extensive and complicated process.
India has witnessed the last Presidential election in July, 2017. The election goes through a few steps. The article talks about all the steps in details. The steps are stated below.
The willing and eligible candidates are asked to file the nomination on the pre decided nomination date. The candidates are asked to submit over 15000 rupees, a list of signatures of at least 50 proposers, and 50 seconders along with the nomination. The seconders and proposers are needed to be from the members of Electoral College. An elector can second or propose only one candidate.
On the voting day, the MPs, two MLAs of the Electoral College cast their votes on the ballot paper at the parliament. The electors are not allowed with any object during the time of the election other than a pen. The pen is also given to them once they sit to cast the vote. The ballot paper has all the names of the candidates who are contesting to the office of the president. The electors mark the names by 1 and 2 and so on according to their preference.
- Segregating the ballot papers
Once the election is over the Returning Officer verifies the ballot papers and after that counting process starts. The segregation of ballot papers is done to ease up the counting. The papers are separated state wise for each contestant.
- Counting process
During the time of counting the ballot papers are segregated on the basis of the maximum marking on the candidate option. By this process the vote on first preference is decided. Each vote is valuable because the value of each ballot paper decides the new incumbent to the president’s office. Every elector usually marks their preference numerically.
- Deciding the winner
Unlike other election the winner is being decided not on the basis of maximum marking but on the basis on the votes in different quota. The total votes in the quota will be added in order to decide the winner of the election. According to the terms and condition of the election, no candidate will get more votes than quota. If any candidate gets more votes than the quota then candidate will be eliminated from the electoral process.
- Oath taking
Once the counting process is done the winner will is declared. The next step is oath taking. The president elect takes oath. According to the rule, the previous president can only leave the office after the new incumbent takes the oath. The oath taking process is administrated by the Chief Justice of India.
The new incumbent to the office of President is bound by the constitution of India. The president is the prime advice of the Prime Minister of India and the cabinet. An incumbent can serve maximum of a five-year term as President of India; though the term can be renewable by the Electoral College.
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