How States and Union Territories in India got their name? (Origin Of Names Of 29 Indian States)
India is known for her diversity in terms of religion, language, and culture. In the country the people from every community can coexist without any conflict. This is the India’s cultural history is rich. One can find various types of culture within the country. The culture of the country varies with the places. Every culture has a rich history; the name Hindustan also has rich cultural history. There is an interesting story behind name of the land. In the ancient land of India the people started living by the bank of Indus or Sindhu River. The people were called Sindhi. Later, when land witnessed the invasion of Persians they started calling the clan Hind. Eventually the land became known as Hindustan. In modern day’s India has 29 states and every state revolves around cultural history. Apart from the 29 states the country has many union territories.
Here is the list of 29 states along with a brief history associated with the state.
Jammu and Kashmir: The state Jammu and Kashmir is situated in the northern part of India and it is a beautiful state. Earlier the state was named after the great sage Kashi. With time the name Kashmir evolved. In Sanskrit the word ‘A’ implies to water and the Sanskrit word Shimira implies to dry up. This is the reason the place came to known as Kashmir whereas, the name Jammu came from the name Jambu.
Himachal Pradesh: The name of the state implies to that a state that is covered with snow. The snow is sometime, immovable. According to the name, the place is always covered with snow. The name also means a house of snowy mountains.
Punjab: The word Punjab came from the Indo-Iranian culture. The land is a confluence of five rivers. The name Punjab attributes to water and the state is known of a land of five rivers.
Uttarakhand: In 2000, the region called Uttaranchal came into existence in the map of India. At the initial stage the region was called Uttaranchal. The name implies to northern mountain. Later the place was renamed as Uttarakhand that means the northern region.
Haryana: The name is associated with one of the ancient epics Mahabharata. It is said that Lord Krishna once arrived in the land. The name Haryana means Hari and Hari is associated with Lord Krishna. Therefore, the land has a history of existence since the ages of Mahabharata.
Uttar Pradesh: As the name suggests the region is located at the northern part of India. According to the name the land is spread towards the northern part of the land.
Rajasthan: If you break the word Rajasthan you will find the word itself has Raj that means King. It is a land of Kings. It is a place where Kingship still exists. The land was acquired by the Rajput Kings and that is the reason behind the name Rajasthan. Earlier the place was known as Rajputana.
Bihar: The word Bihar was derived from the Pali word Vihar. Vihra means travel land. With time the name transformed into Bihar. The place has always been popular among the people for Buddhist monasteries.
West Bengal: Earlier before the partition West Bengal was known as only Bengal. The word derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Wang’. In 1905 when the state got divided, the state was still known as Bengal. Later, in 1947 when the partition happened then the state got its new name West Bengal and the eastern part known as Bangladesh.
Jharkhand: The word Jharkhand can be broken two syllables ‘Jhar’ and ‘Khand’. The word Jhar means forest and Khand means land, together they form a land of forest. One can still find forest in the land and the other name of the state is ‘Vannanchal’.
Odisha: The word Odisha came from the word Odra. It denotes that the land is inhabited by the Odra people in the middle of India.
Chhattisgarh: Earlier the place is called South Kosala. The place has no link with its name. It is important to mention that the land is inhabited by around 36 casts. Every cast has a fort that means there are 36 forts are found. This is the reason the place is called Chhattisgarh.
Madhya Pradesh: As the name suggests that a land situated in the middle of the main land. It is one of the largest states in India. If we see the history of pre independent era the state constituted by Berar, Makar, Chhattisgarh, etc. As the state is in the middle of the country India the place is also known as the heart of Hindustan.
Gujarat: The word ‘Gujarat’ is derived from the word ‘Gujra’. Earlier the place was ruled by Gujjars. As the place was once ruled by the Gujjars the land came to know as Gujarat.
Maharashtra: According to the history, there are several reasons lying behind the name of Maharashtra. Some studies say the name implies great country. Some says the name denotes nationality. Some historian believes that the word nation associated with the state’s name because once the land was ruled by the Rashtrakuta dynasty.
Goa: The accurate analysis of the name is not available in the historical record. Some historian says that the word ‘Goa’ is derived from any European or Portuguese word. The other believes the name is associated with cow as ‘Go’ is cow.
Andhra Pradesh: Andhra implies to south and the land is inhabited by several tribes. The word Andhra is coming from the Mayuran period. At that time the sourther part of the administration also called ‘Andhra Bharatiya’.
Karnataka: The word Karnataka came from the word ‘do’ that means the skyscraper. It falls under the area of Deccan Plateau. The plateau is a high area than the plains and this is the reason the place is named as Karnataka.
Tamilnadu: The word Tamilnadu can be broken into two clear syllables, and that are Tamil and Nadu. Tamil is a language and people speak the tongue is also known as Tamil. On the other hand, Nadu means birthplace. Together the word Tamilnadu implies to the birthplace of Tamil people.
Kerala: The name is associated with various cultural histories and it can be traces back to the Chera dynasty. The word ‘Kerala’ means connected land. Therefore, it can be said that, a land that is emerged from the sea and can be added to the mainland. It is said that Kerala is the extra land and situated on the shore of the sea.
Telangana: The English meaning of the word ‘Telangana’ is trilling and that denotes three sexes of Lord Shiva. The place also signifies spirituality.
Sikkim: The word came from the word Limbu. It also means big buildings. Later the name also believed to be derived from the Tibetan word deeg.
Arunachal Pradesh: The word Arunachal has two words Arun and Akal. The word implies that a place where the sun appears.
Assam: The word Assam means the important rulers. Since six centuries the place was ruled by several eminent rulers in history. Apart from that, the word also denotes irregularity. The place witnessed an irregularity of Indo- Aryan culture.
Meghalaya: The north eastern state is known as the state of cloud. The word Meghalaya is consisted of two words cloud and hull. The place is always prone to rain and this is the reason the place was called Meghalaya.
Manipur: The word means a place where one can find plenty of beads.
Mizoram: The word ‘Mi’ means people and ‘Joe’ means hill. The land is surrounded by mountains and this is the reason the place is called Mizoram.
Nagaland: The word ‘Naga’ is derived from the Burmese word Naka. Naga means the people pierced ears and nose. This is how the region was named Nagaland.
Tripura: The word ‘Tripura’ came from the word ‘Tuipara’. ‘Tuio’ means water and ‘Para’ is mercury. According to some historians, the place called Tripura because a ruler called Tripura once ruled the region.
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